Time – 55 minutes
Now set your clock for 55 minutes
Direction. Choose & write a letter that corresponds to the answer you have chosen.
Questions 1-11 refer to the following passage.
Sharpshooter Annie Oakley is a mainstay in the folklore of the Old West. Born Phoebe Ann Moses in 1860, Annie learned to shoot at a very young age out of necessity: she hunted for birds and small game animals to help feed her family and to make some extra money by supplying the local hotel restaurant with her catch. She soon became known for her excellent marksmanship and began taking part in shooting competitions at a very young age. It was rather unusual for a young girl not only to take part in such competitions but to win over older, more experienced male competitors. At the age of fifteen, she defeated Frank Butler, a professional marksman, in a competition. She and Butler were married a year later, and together they took part in shooting exhibitions.
In 1885, they joined probably the most famous of all western shows, Buffalo Bill’s Wild West touring show. As part of their act, Annie shot a cigarette out of her husband’s mouth; Frank Butler’s participation in this pan of the act clearly demonstrated his faith in his wife’s shooting ability. Annie also accepted volunteers from the audience to take part in her act, and on one occasion, while touring Europe, she even shot a cigarette out of the mouth of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany.
1. Which of the following is closest in meaning to “folklore” in sentence 1?
a. Traditional stories
b. Western stories
c. Children’s stories
d. Cowboy stories
2. The passage indicates that…
a. the name Annie Oakley was given to her at birth
b. Annie changed her name to Phoebe at a young age
c. the name Phoebe Ann Moses was Annie’s choice
d. Annie did not use her given name.
3. The passage indicates that Annie learned to hunt…
a. for pleasure
b. in order to survive
c. as part of a competition
d. because it was a normal activity for someone her age
4. “… became known for her excellent marksmanship …”
The word “marksmanship” in line 4 indicates…
b. ability to earn money
c. ability with a gun
d. attitude about work
5. How was the young Annie different from other girls her age?
a. She used a boy’s name.
b. She worked in a local hotel.
c. She married at a much younger age than was considered normal.
d. She won shooting competitions.
6. According to the passage, what did Annie do one year prior to her marriage?
a. She defeated her future husband in a shooting match.
b. She learned to shoot.
c. She changed her name.
d. She joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West touring show.
7.“… and together they took …”
The pronoun “they” in line 7 refers to…
a. male competitors
b. Annie and Frank
c. shooting exhibition
d. western shows
8. “… the act clearly demonstrated his faith …”
the word “demonstrated” in line 10 is closest in meaning to…
9. The passage suggest that Annie took a shot at Crown Prince Wilhelm because
a. Wilhelm wanted her to do it
b. Annie disliked him tremendously
c. Germany was at war with the U.S.
d. Annie disliked smoking
10. Where in the passage does the author describe one of the tricks in Annie’s act?
11. The information in the passage…
a. lists a cause followed by an effect
b. moves from general to specific ideas
c. is in chronological order
d. is in spatial order
Questions 12-23 refer to the following passage:
Algae is a primitive form of life, a single-celled or simple multiple-celled organism that is able to conduct the process of photosynthesis. It is generally found in water but can also be found elsewhere, growing on such surfaces as rocks or trees. The various types of algae are classified according to pigment.
Blue green algae, or Cyanophyta, can grow at very high temperatures and under high-intensity light. This is a microscopic type of algae, and some species consist of only one cell. Blue-green algae is the oldest form of life with photosynthetic capabilities, and fossilized remains of this type of algae more than 3.4 billion years old have been found in parts of Africa.
Green algae, or Chlorophyta, is generally found in fresh water. It reproduces on the surfaces of enclosed bodies of water such as ponds or lakes and has the appearance of a fuzzy green coating on the water. In large quantities, this type of algae may reproduce enough to give a green color to an entire lake.
Brown algae, or Phaeophyta, grows in shallow, temperate water. This type of algae is the largest in size and is most recognizable as a type of seaweed; kelp is a type of brown algae that has grown to lengths up to 200 feet. Its long stalks can be enmeshed on the ocean floor, or it can float freely on the ocean’s surface.
Red algae, or Rhodophyta, is a small, delicate organism found in the deep waters of the subtropics where it often grows with coral. This type of algae has an essential role in the formation of coral reefs; it secretes lime from the seawater to foster the information of limestone deposits.
12. What is the author’s main purpose?
a. To show what color algae is
b. To differentiate the various classifications of algae
c. To describe where algae is found
d. To clarify the appearance of the different types of algae
13. Which of the following is NOT true about algae?
a. All types have only one cell.
b. It can be found out of water.
c. It can use photosynthesis.
d. It is not a relatively new form of life.
14. “… are classified according to pigment.”
The word “pigment” means…
15. “This is a microscopic type …”
The word “microscopic” is closest in meaning to…
16. Algae remnants found in Africa are…
a. still flourishing
c. extremely old
d. red in color
17. Green algae is generally found…
a. on the ocean floor
b. on top of the water
c. throughout ponds and lakes
d. surrounding enclosed bodies of water
18. “… the appearance of a fuzzy green coating ….”
The word “coating” could best be replaced by…
19. Brown algae would most likely be found…
a. on trees
b. near green algae
c. on rocks
d. in the ocean
20. “Its long stalks can be ….”
The word “stalks” is closest in meaning to…
21. According to passage, red algae is…
d. found in shallow water
22. It can be inferred from the passage that limestone deposits serve as the basis of…
a. coral reefs
b. red algae
c. subtropical seawater
d. secret passages
23. This passage would most probably be assigned reading in a course on….
Questions 24-34 refer to the following passage:
Mount Rushmore is a well-known monument in the Black Hills of South Dakota that features the countenances of four U.S. presidents: Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln. What is not so well known is that the process of creating this national treasure was not exactly an uneventful one.
Mount Rushmore was the project of the visionary sculptor John Gutzen de la Mothe Borglum, who was born in Idaho but studies sculpture in Paris in his youth and befriended the famous French sculptor Auguste Rodin. In 1927 Borglum was granted a commission by the federal government to create the sculpture on Mount Rushmore. Though he was nearly sixty years old when he started, he was undaunted by the enormity of the project and the obstacles that it engendered. He optimistically asserted that the project would be completed within five years, not caring to recognize the potential problems that such a massive project would involve, the problems of dealing with financing, with government bureaucracy, and with Mother Nature herself. An example of what Mother Nature had to throw at the project was the fissure that developed in the granite where Jefferson was being carved. Jefferson had to be moved to the other side of Washington, next to Roosevelt, because of the break in the stone. The work that had been started on the first Jefferson had to be dynamited away.
Mount Rushmore was not completed within the five years predicted by Borglum and was in fact not actually completed within Borglum’s lifetime, although it was almost finished. Borglum died on March 6, 1941, at the age of seventy-four, after fourteen years of work on the presidents. His son, Lincoln Borglum, who had worked with his father throughout the project, completed the monument within eight months of his father’s death.
24. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
a. Mount Rushmore was a huge project filled with numerous obstacles.
b. Mount Rushmore is a famous American monument.
c. Mount Rushmore has sculpture of four U.S. presidents on it.
d. John Gutzen de la Mothe Borglum created Mount Rushmore
25. “… the countenances of four U.S. presidents ….”
The word “countenances” could be be replaced by…
26. Which of the following best describes the relationship between Borglum and Rodin in Borglum’s early years?
a. Borglum studied about Rodin in Paris.
b. Borglum was far more famous than Rodin as a sculptor.
c. Borglum and Rodin were born and raised in the same place.
d. Borglum and Rodin were friends.
27. “Though he was nearly sixty years ….”
The word “nearly” could best be replaced by which of the following?
28.Which of the following is NOT true about Borglum?
a. He began Mount Rushmore around the age of sixty.
b. He predicted that Mount Rushmore would be finished around 1932.
c. Mount Rushmore was finished when Borglum predicted it would be.
d. Borglum worked on Mount Rushmore for more than a decade.
29. It can be inferred from the passage that Borglum was someone who…
a. expected the best to happen
b. set realistic goals
c. never tried anything too challenging
d. was always afraid that bad things were going to happen
30. “… Mother Nature had to throw at the project was the fissure ….”
A “fissure” is a…
31.Why does the author mention the fact the carving of Thomas Jefferson was moved?
a. It shows what a perfectionist Borglum was.
b. It demonstrates Borglum’s artistic style.
c. It gives insight into Jefferson’s character.
d. It is an example of a problem caused by nature.
32. “… although it was almost finished.”
The pronoun “it” refers to which of the following?
a. The first Jefferson
b. Mount Rushmore
c. Borglum’s lifetime
d. Fourteen years of work
33. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the expression “within eight months of his father’s death”?
a. More than eight months before his father’s death
b. Less than eight months before his father’s death
c. Less than eight months after his father’s death
d. More than eight months after his father’s death
34. Where in the passage does the author mention when the Mount Rushmore project got started?
Questions 35-43 refer to the following passage:
In beginning of the nineteenth century, the American educational system was desperately in need of reform. Private schools existed, but only for the very rich, and there were very few public schools because of the strong sentiment that children who would grow up to be laborers should not “waste” their time on education but should instead prepare themselves for their life’s work. It was in the face of this public sentiment that educational reformers set about their task. Horace Mann, probably the most famous of the reformers, felt that there was no excuse in a republic for any citizen to be uneducated. As Superintendent of Education in the state of Massachusetts from 1837 to 1848, he initiated various changes, which were soon matched in other school districts around the country. He extended the school year from five to six months and improved the quality of teachers by instituting teacher education and raising teacher salaries. Although these changes did not bring about a sudden improvement in the educational system, they at least increased public awareness as to the need for a further strengthening of the system.
35. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
a. A Fight for Change
b. Nineteenth-Century Reform
c. American Education
d. The Beginnings of Reform in American Education
36. It is implied in the passage that to go to a private school, a student needed…
a. a high level of intelligence
b. a strong educational background
c. good grades
d. a lot of money
37. “… very few public schools because of the strong sentiment ….”
The word “sentiment” is closest in meaning to…
38. Why is the word “wasted” in the passage punctuated in this manner?
a. The author wants to emphasize how much time was wasted on education.
b. The author is quoting someone else who said that education was a waste of time.
c. The author thinks that education is not really a waste of time.
d. The author does not want students to waste their time on education.
39. “… that educational reformers set about their task.”
What are “reformers”?
a. People who try to change things for the better
b. People who really enjoy teaching
c. People who believe that education is wasted
d. People who work for the government
40. According to the passage, why did Horace Mann want a better educational system for Americans?
a. Education at the time was so cheap.
b. In a republic, all citizens should be educated.
c. People had nothing else to do except go to school.
d. Massachusetts residents needed something to do with their spare time.
41. “… he initiated various changes ….”
The word “initiated” is closest in meaning to…
42. “… which were soon matched in other school ….”
The word “matched” could best be replaced by…
43. According to the passage, which of the following is a change that Horace Mann instituted?
a. Better teacher training
b. Increased pay for students
c. The five-month school year
d. The matching of the other districts’ policies
Questions 44-50 refer to the following passage:
A distinctively American architecture began with Frank Lloyd Wright, who had taken to heart the admonition that form should follow function, and who thought of buildings not as separate architectural entities but as parts of an organic whole that included the land, the community, and the society. In a very real way the houses of colonial New England and some of the southern plantations had been functional, but Wright was the first architect to make functionalism the authoritative principles for public as well as for domestic buildings.
As early as 1906 he built the Unity Temple in Oak Park, Illinois, the first of those churches that did so much to revolutionize ecclesiastical architecture in the United States. Thereafter he turned his genius to such miscellaneous structures as houses, schools, office buildings, and factories, among them the famous Larking Building in Buffalo, New York, and the Johnson Wax Company Building in Racine, Wisconsin.
44. What does the passage mainly discuss?
a. The architecture of public buildings
b. An architectural pioneer
c. New England architecture
d. Principles of architecture
45. “… who had taken to heart the admonition ….”
The phrase “taken to heart” is closest in meaning to which of the following?
a. taken seriously
d. taken offence
46. “… who had taken to heart the admonition ….”
The word “admonition” is closest in meaning to…
47. “… buildings not as separate architectural entities ….”
The word “entities” is closest in meaning to…
48. In what way did Wright’s public buildings differ from most of those built by earlier architects?
a. They were built on a larger scale.
b. Their materials came from the southern United States.
c. They looked more like private homes.
d. Their designs were based on how they would be used.
49. The author mentions the Unity Temple because it…
a. was Wright’s first building
b. influenced the architecture of subsequent churches
c. demonstrated traditional ecclesiastical architecture
d. was the largest church Wright ever designed
50. Which of the following statements best reflects one of Frank Lloyd Wright’s architectural principles?
a. Beautiful design is more important than utility.
b. Ecclesiastical architecture should be derived from traditional designs.
c. A building should fit into its surroundings.
d. The architecture of public buildings does not need to be revolutionary.
THIS IS THE END OF THE READING COMPREHENSION SECTION.
IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CAllED.
GO BACK AND CHECK YOUR WORK IN THIS SECTION ONLY.