Post Test Structure

SECTION 2

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION

Time – 25 minutes

Now set your clock for 25 minutes

This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.

 

Structure

Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.

 

Direction. Choose & write a letter that corresponds to the answer you have chosen

 

1. Overexposure to the sun causes … health problems.

a. various

b. among

c. but

d. of

 

2. Birds head south to warmer climates when ….

a. is cold weather

b. does cold weather come

c. cold weather comes

d. comes cold weather

 

3. The city council is empowered not only to enact new laws, … select a new mayor between elections should the need arise.

a. and to

b. but also to

c. and

d. so that

 

4. Drying of meats and vegetables is no longer considered one of … preserving food.

a. the ways are useful

b. useful ways

c. the most useful ways

d. most are useful ways

 

5. A giant kind of grass, bamboo may reach a height of 120 feet and ….

a. a diameter of 1 foot

b. its diameter is 1 foot

c. there is a diameter of 1 foot

d. which is a diameter of 1 foot

 

6. Somerset Maugham, a novelist, … about a restless man’s quest inner understanding in The Razor’s Edge.

a. who wrote this

b. who wrote

c. when he wrote

d. wrote

 

7.  Aspirin is used … a constriction of the blood vessels.

a. the counteraction

b. to counteract

c. counteract

d. counteracting

 

8. The nuthatch … six inches long.

a. grows seldom more than

b. more than seldom grows

c. seldom grows more than

d. grows more than seldom

 

9. Composing more than 40 percent of the diet, fats are … by the body for energy.

a. using specifically

b. used specifically

c. specific use

d. the specific use

 

10. The sea mammal medusa is popularly called a jellyfish because it … jelly.

a. looks rather like

b. looks like rather

c. likes looking rather

d. rather likes looking

 

11. Therapists are currently using mental imagery in the hope that it might prove … in the treatment of cancer.

a. helpful

b. for help

c. helpfully

d. with the help

 

12. By praying outside saloons, throwing rocks in saloon windows, and destroying saloons with her hatchet, ….

a. alcohol was prohibited by Carrie Nation

b. Carrie Nation worked to prohibit alcohol

c. prohibiting alcohol by Carrie Nation

d. Carrie Nation’s work for the prohibition of alcohol

 

13. More drugmakers are changing their target market from physician to patient … the patient as the key to increasing market share.

a. that they see

b. sees them

c. they see

d. in that they see

 

14. … cockroach is the pest most in need of eradication is generally agreed upon by housing authorities everywhere.

a. When the

b. It is the

c. That the

d. The

 

15. …, the jaguar used to roam freely in the southwestern United States.

a. It is now found only in Central and South America

b. Finding in Central and South America

c. To be found in Central and South America

d. Now found only in Central and South America

 

WRITTEN EXPRESSION

Directions:In questions 16-40, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

 

16. The larger of the forty-eight continental states in the United States is Texas.

a. larger

b. continental

c. in the

d. is

 

17. According to the experts, genetic inheritance is probability the most important factors in determining a person’s health.

a. genetic

b. probability

c. the most

d. determining

 

18. The railroad was one of the first methods of transportation to be use extensively in early America history.

a. one

b. the first

c. use

d. early

 

19. Often when the weather is extremely hot, people have very thirsty but are not terribly hungry.

a. often

b. have

c. but

d. terribly

 

20. Pioneers on the plans sometimes living in dugouts, sod rooms cut int0 hillsides.

a. on the

b. sometimes

c. living

d. cut into

 

21. Balloons have been used in various wars not only to direct artillery fire and report troop movements however to carry bombs and protect against low-flying planes.

a. used

b. in various wars

c. however

d. protect against

 

22. The National Wildflower Research Center which was established in 1982 by Lady Bird Johnson on sixty acres of land east of Austin.

a. which was

b. by

c. on sixty acres

d. east of

 

23. The idea that artistic achievements rank in importance with scientific achievements has been upheld by painters, writers, and musicals for centuries.

a. that

b. rank

c. upheld

d. musicals

 

24. To improvement the stability of the building, a concrete foundation two feet thick must be installed.

a. improvement

b. stability

c. feet

d. installed

 

25. In 1786 Benjamin Franklin first suggested daylight savings time as a means of cutting down on the consumes of candles.

a. first suggested

b. means

c. cutting

d. consumes

 

26. An alligator is an animal somewhat like a crocodile, but with a broad, flatten snout.

a. an animal

b. somewhat

c. but

d. flatten

 

27. An extremely dangerous forms of cocaine, crack attacks the nervous system, brain, and body in a sharper fashion than cocaine.

a. forms

b. attacks

c. body

d. sharper

 

28. It is the role of the National Bureau of Standards to establish accurate measurements for science, industrial, and commerce.

a. It is

b. establish

c. measurements

d. industrial

 

29. Into among the five Great Lakes, only Lake Michigan is located entirely within the territorial boundaries of the United States.

a. into among

b. is located

c. entirely

d. territorial

 

30. Teddy Roosevelt demonstrated his competitive spirit and tireless energy in 1905 what he led the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill.

a. demonstrated

b. competitive

c. what

d. led

 

31. The “Fairness Doctrine” of the FCC requires that radio and television stations give equal time to opposing sides of issues controversial.

a. requires that

b. stations

c. opposing sides

d. issues controversial

 

32. Mary Harris Jones, known as “Mother Jones,” was a prominence figure in the labor movement at the turn of the century.

a. known

b. prominence

c. labor movement

d. the turn

 

33. Consequently the kit fox is an endangered species, wildlife experts in the California desert are using various methods to protect it.

a. Consequently

b. An

c. Using

d. It

 

34. In addition to serving as members of the president’s cabinet, the attorney general is the head of the Justice Department.

a. In addition

b. serving

c. members

d. the

 

35. The need to improve technique motivates ballerinas exercising and rehearse for hours daily.

a. to improve

b. motivates

c. exercising

d. daily

 

36. The narwhal can be easily to recognize by the long spiraled tusk attached to the left side of its head.

a. to recognize

b. spiraled

c. attached to

d. its

 

37. The poet Ogden Nash often used a comic style to do a serious point.

a. poet

b. often used

c. comic

d. to do

 

38. The water in the Great Salt Lake is a less four times saltier than seawater.

a. a less

b. four times

c. saltier

d. than

 

39. On February 20, 1962, Friendship 7 has orbited the Earth in a manned flight that lasted just under five hours.

a. has

b. manned

c. flight

d. lasted just

 

40. It has been suggested that the battleship Missouri be brought back to active duty, at cost of $475 million.

a. has been

b. be

c. active

d. cost

 

THIS IS THE END OF SECTION 2.
IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON SECTION 2 ONLY.
DO NOT READ OR WORK ON ANY OTHER SECTION OF THE TEST.

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