STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION
Time – 25 minutes
(including the reading of the directions)
Now set your clock for 25 minutes
This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.
Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.
Look at the following examples.
The president ______ the election by a landslide.
B. He won
The sentence should read, “The president won the election by a landslide.” Therefore, you should choose (A).
When _____ the conference?
A. The doctor attended
B. Did the doctor attend
C. The doctor will attend
D. The doctor’s attendance
The sentence should read, “When did the doctor attend the conference?” Therefore, you should choose (B).
Now, begin work on the questions.
1. _____, the outermost layer of skin, is about as thick as a sheet of paper over most of the skin.
A. It is the epidermis
B. In the epidermis
C. The epidermis
D. The epidermis is
2. Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon and Rick Blaine in Casablanca _____ of Humphrey Bogart’s more famous roles.
A. They are two
B.Two of them are
C.Two of them
3. Muskrats generally _____ close to the edge of a bog, where their favorite plant foods grow plentifully.
B. They are staying
D. To stay there
4.Oliver Ellsworth, _____ of the United States Supreme Court, was the author of the bill that established the federal court system
A. He was the third chief justice
B. The third chief justice was
C. Who the third chief justice
D. The third chief justice
5.___ of New York’s Erie Canal greatly enhanced trade in the upstate region.
A. The complete
C. A completing
D. The completion
6.In the first few months of life, an infant learns how to lift its head, smile, and _____.
A. Parents to recognize
B. Recognize its parents
C. Recognizing its parents
D. The recognizing of its parents
7.When fluid accumulates against the eardrum, a second more insidious type of ____.
A. Otitis media may develop
B. Developing otitis media
C. The development of otitis media
D. To develop otitis media
8.____ wrote the operetta Babes in Toyland, drawn from the childhood characters of Mother Goose.
A. That was Victor Herbert who
B. Victor Herbert who
C. Since it was Victor Herbert
D. It was Victor Herbert who
9.Flag Day is a legal holiday only in the state of Pennsylvania, _____ Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag.
10.Hydroelectric power can be produced by _____ and using tidal flow to run turbines.
A. Water basins are dammed
B. Damming water basins
C. To dam water basins
D. Dams in water basins
11.Civil Rights are the freedoms and rights ____ as a member of a community, state or nation.
A. May have person
B. May have a person who
C. A person may have
D. And a person may have
12.Juana Inez de la Cruz ____ Mexico’s greatest female poet.
B.Considered to be
C. Is considered to be
D. Is consideration
13.The leaves of the white mulberry provide food for silkworms, _____ silk fabrics are woven.
A. Whose cocoons
B. From cocoons
C. Whose cocoons are from
D. From whose cocoons
14.Not only ____ generate energy, but it also produces fuel for other fission reactors.
A. A nuclear breeder reactor
B. It is a nuclear breeder reactor
C. Does a nuclear breeder reactor
D. Is a nuclear breeder reactor
15.The principal purpose of aviation medicine is _____ by people abroad an air-craft in flight.
A. To study the stress experienced
B. Study the experienced stress
C. To study stress experiencing
D. Study the stress experience
Directions:In questions 16-40, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Look at the following examples.
The four string on a violin are tuned in fifths.
A = The
The sentence should read, “The four strings on a violin are tuned in fifths.” Therefore, you should choose (B).
The Research for the book Roots taking Alex Haley twelve years.
B= For The
D= Twelve Years
The sentence should read, “The research for the book Roots took Alex Haley twelve years.” Therefore, you should choose (C).
Now, begin work on the questions.
16.Mosquitoes will accepts the malaria parasite at only one stage of the parasite’s complex life cycle.
17.The counterpart of a negative electrons is the positive
18.Polluter is a topic of such importance today that even elementary school children are well informed about its dangers.
19.Best presented in a famous oil painting by da Vinci, The Last Supper it is an import part of the history of Christianity.
D=of the history
20.Together with his friend Little John, Robin Hood are fondly remembered today by millions of people.
21.There are more than eighty-four million specimens in the National Museum of Natural History’s collection of biological, geological, archeological, and anthropology treasures.
22.After George Washington married widow Martha Custis, the couple came to resides at Mount Vernon.
23.At this stage in their development, rubberized asphalt can hardly be classified as cutting edge.
24.Quality, price, and located are often considered to be the primary concerns in buying a house.
25.The name “America” comes of Amerigo Vespucci, who was a 16th-century Italian explorer.
26.Fort Jefferson, in the Dry Tortugas off the southern tip of Florida, can be reach only by boat or plane.
27.A zoom lens produces an inverted real image, either on the film in a camera and on the light-sensitive tube of a television camera.
28.Supersonic flight is a flight that is faster the speed of sound.
D=speed of sound
29.The movement of the stars was first noticed by early travelers, who used the stars to guide its way across the sea.
30.Those who have seen what is believed to be Noah’s Ark say it is the largest than a modern battleship.
C=believed to be
31.It is implicit in the Constitution of the United States that everyone has a right to their privacy.
A=It is implicit
32.Although scientists have been successful about finding treatments for cancer, haven’t yet discovered a cure.
33.In the 18th century, standard college curricula included a heavy emphasis on classical, mathematics, and region.
34.Born in Massachusetts in 1852, Albert Farbanks has begun making banjors in Boston in the late 1870s.
35.Unlikely gas sport balloons, hot air balloons do not have nets.
36.Methane in wetlands comes from soil bacteria that consumes organic plant matter.
37. In the summer, An Arbor, along with Ypsilanti, Saline, and Pontiac, are flooded with runaways fleeing the boredom of their lives in Cincinnati and its suburbs
A=In the summer
38.A recent article in The New York Times reported that the typical business graduate of 1990 is less likely to be willing to work long hours for the sake of advancement than their 1970 counterparts.
B= to be willing
39.The dietary habits of a given child often has little to do with that child’s eating habits as an adult.
A= a given
B= has little
D=as an adult
40.One of the claims made against science is that data are often manipulated to prove a scientist’s thesis, rather than studying it for possible contradictions.
THIS IS THE END OF SECTION 2.
IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON SECTION 2 ONLY.
DO NOT READ OR WORK ON ANY OTHER SECTION OF THE TEST.